The Intelligence Quotient, more commonly known as an IQ, is a number associated with a person’s perceived cognitive abilities as compared to the general population.
Generally speaking, an IQ test is designed to measure an individual’s ability to understand concepts and solve problems. IQ tests require participants to use deductive reasoning and problem-solving skills, perceive relationships, and find, store, and recall information.
However, these tests assess general intellectual skills and abilities, requiring the participant to utilize only a few sets of human knowledge realms. Other useful proficiencies, such as social, adaptive, and emotional skills, are not addressed in these types of tests, making the tests indicative of a more logic-based, general intelligence.