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What are the Raven's Progressive Matrices?

Mainly used in educational settings, this IQ test was developed in 1936 by John C. Raven. It is concerned with assessing cognitive abilities of an individual and is a non-verbal test usually taken in groups.

The test is perfect for people aged 5 or more and consists of 60 questions arranged specifically. The arrangement of questions is also used to judge a person’s skills.

In this test, questions are arranged in a matrix (2×2, 3×3, 4×4 or 6×6) each having different images with one image missing. The respondents are required to identify the missing factor.

The factors tested in this test are:

  1. Clear-thinking
  2. Advanced observation
  3. Problem solving
  4. Learning ability
  5. Abstract reasoning